From Unofficial Stationeers Wiki

A storm is an extreme weather condition found on most Worlds these include all minus the Moon, Mimas, and Space.

In addition to severely reducing visibility, storms can blow away loose items, damage equipment, and blow away players, especially if they are not touching a floor.

Items and structures that are known to be damaged by storms include:

Damaged items and structures can be repaired using Duct Tape (Except AIMEe).

Players can get advance warning of a storm by using a Weather Station.