From Unofficial Stationeers Wiki

A storm is an extreme weather condition found on most Worlds with an atmosphere. These are all except the Moon, Mimas, and Space.

In addition to severely reducing visibility, storms can blow away loose items, damage equipment, and blow away players, especially if they are not touching the ground.

Items and structures that are known to be damaged by storms include:

Damaged items and structures can be repaired using Duct Tape (Except AIMEe and Rover Mk I).

Players can get advance warning of a storm by using a Weather Station.